Milling machines are among the most versatile machining tools, capable of performing various operations. The CNC milling machines can be classified into CNC vertical milling machines and horizontal ones. Each type has advantages and disadvantages, so the best option for a given application will vary depending on the specific requirements. This piece will discuss the difference between CNC vertical milling machine and a horizontal milling machine.
1. Spindle Orientation
The most apparent difference between the two is the orientation of the spindle, as the name implies. Vertical mills have their spindles oriented vertically, while horizontal mills have their spindles oriented horizontally. This distinction can be crucial, as it determines the type of operations that can be performed and the relative positioning of those operations.
2. Cutting Tools
The orientation of the spindle also determines the cutting tools used. Vertical mills are typically limited to end mills and drill bits, while horizontal mills can use various rotating and non-rotating cutting tools. That includes everything from lathe tools to reamers and taps.
3. Table Size
Another difference between the two is table size. Vertical milling machines have a smaller footprint, as their tables are oriented vertically. That can be an advantage in applications where space is limited, such as in a small shop. Horizontal milling machines have a larger footprint, as their tables are oriented horizontally. That gives them more stability and rigidity, which can be advantageous in larger, heavier operations.
The size of the spindle also determines the horsepower used. Vertical mills are typically limited to lower horsepower motors, while horizontal mills can use much higher horsepower motors. That can be essential in larger operations, where more power is required.
The orientation of the spindle also affects rigidity. Vertical mills are typically more rigid than horizontal mills due to their design. That can be an advantage when working with materials that are difficult for machines or when precise tolerances are required.
The cost of vertical and horizontal CNC milling machines can vary depending on several factors, such as size, brand, and features. However, vertical mills are generally less expensive than horizontal mills. That is because they have a smaller footprint and require less horsepower.
The specific application requirements will ultimately determine your type of CNC milling machine. Vertical mills are well suited for small to medium operations, where space is limited and precision is essential. Horizontal mills are better suited for larger operations, where more power and rigidity are imperative.
The best type of CNC milling machine for a given application will vary depending on the specific requirements. In general, CNC vertical milling machines are less expensive than horizontal mills and are better suited for small to medium operations, where space is limited and precision is essential.